The Greenland Dog, the breed that originated from the largest island in the world is also considered as one of the oldest dogs breeds. Also known as Inuit Dog, Esquimaux, Husky and Eskimo Dog, this sled pulling dog breed has existed with the Sarqaq people in Greenland more than 5000 years ago.
From the time these dogs were brought to Greenland they have been utilized by the people in the Arctic regions. A Greenland Dogs has a powerfully built strong boned body that is covered with a thick double coat. This dog breeds waterproof double coat and the well feathered tail protects the dog from the frigid temperature of the Arctic. A Greenland Dog sleeping outdoors would simply curl and use the bushy tail to cover the face. The coat and bushy tail protects the dogs from extremely cold temperature.
Being outstanding sled pullers, Greenland Dogs were used in many Antarctic explorations. Roald Amundsen has recognized the important role his team of Greenland Dogs made in his success of capturing South Pole. The Greenland Dogs is an outstanding working breed but the popularity of these dogs started to wane at the turn of the last century. More eye catching Northern breeds like the Siberian Huskies, Samoyeds and Alaskan Malamutes were favored by explorers. Another reason for the waning of interest for the Greenland Dogs is the introduction of motor vehicles.
Eskimos have depended on sled pulling dogs to carry them and their supplies from one location to another and Greenland Dogs are one of the breeds that have made life of these people much easier. Life in the harsh Arctic is very hard and along with the Eskimos, the dogs have learned to survive the hard life. Dogs generally bond closely with humans but because Greenland Dogs are pack animals that work and stay with other dogs, they do not have the affectionate nature of other dog breeds. Greenland Dogs have found another niche – they have adapted to the life of being a home companion and they have learned to bind closely with humans instead of with other dogs.
It is the nature of dogs to form a close bond with humans. The somewhat aloof personality of Greenland Dogs is discarded and what came to the fore was the typical temperament seen in companion dogs. Greenland Dogs that are no longer utilized to pull sleds have adapted well to being loyal and affectionate pets. This breed though is independent and has a stubborn streak. To be an ideal pet, a Greenland Dog has to be trained by a dog-experienced person that would known how to handle the dog firmly.